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crohns disease

Crohn's Disease

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What is Crohn's Disease ?


Crohn's disease is a type of inflammatory bowel disease that causes inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract from the mouth to the anus. This inflammation can be attached to one or more parts of the digestive system, but it is usually seen in the ileum, which is the last part of the small intestine, and in the beginning of the large intestine. Crohn's disease can cause inflammation in your digestive tract, leading to abdominal pain, severe diarrhea, fatigue, weight loss, and malnutrition. 


Growth-development retardation in children may be signs of Crohn's disease. Extra-intestinal diseases are also observed in a quarter of Crohn's patients. These mostly occur in the skin, joints, eyes, liver and biliary tract, kidney and urinary tract, vascular heart and lungs. 


Crohn's Disease Symptoms

  • Diarrhea 

  • Abdominal pains 

  • Intestinal blockages 

  • Fever 

  • Fatigue 

  • Loss of appetite and weight loss 

  • Still feeling full after using the toilet 

  • Frequent toileting is one of the early symptoms of Crohn's disease. 


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Crohn's Disease Causes

  • Immune system: It is possible for a virus or bacteria to trigger Crohn's disease; however, scientists have yet to identify such a trigger. When your immune system tries to fight off the invading microorganism, an abnormal immune response can cause the immune system to attack cells in the digestive tract as well. 

  • Heredity: Crohn's disease is more common in people with a family history of the same disease, so genes may play a role in the occurrence of the disease.

Crohn's Disease Diagnostic Methods

  • Blood analysis

  • Stool analysis

  • Stomach, small and large intestine films

  • Colonoscopy and endoscopy

  • CT and MRI images

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  • Crohn's disease can occur at any age, but it usually occurs when the disease is young. Most people who develop Crohn's disease are diagnosed before they reach the age of about 30.

  • You are at higher risk for the disease if you have a first-degree relative with the disease, such as a parent, sibling, or child. About 1 in 5 people with Crohn's disease have a family member with the disease.

Facts About
Crohn's Disease

Treatment Options for Crohn's Disease


Steroid drugs: These are drugs to reduce inflammation in the digestive system.

Drugs for the immune system: These are drugs used to control the immune system.


Surgical treatment

Most Crohn's Disease patients may need surgical treatment. Removing the problematic parts of the digestive system and reconnecting them to healthy parts is the aim of surgical treatment. 


Crohn's Disease Diet

In general, the patient is given a high-energy, abundant protein, low-fiber, low-fat diet rich in vitamins and minerals.

For some patients, consumption of milk and dairy products is prohibited.

Crohn's disease diet

Transcutaneous Vagus Nerve Stimulation (tVNS)

 tVNS ® reduces inflammation in the intestine, allowing the intestine to do its job more healthily. 

Transcutaneous Vagus Nerve Stimulation
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